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Unless harvesting conditions are poor this is likely to mean that malting premiums will be small and for all bar the specialist varieties or soil types not worth chasing. However, under the right circumstances, it can be as effective as straight-cutting. Harvest quality Harvest quality. Do you monitor Wheat Futures? The weather on the west coast was very good for the first part of the year, and reasonable for much of the summer. Spring-planted barley ripens 60 to 70 days The swaths cannot be rained on and fields should have little to no dew present or else pre-harvest sprout will be an issue. At this stage, the barley kernel is difficult to dent with your thumbnail. There are two common methods to harvesting barley: Straight-cutting and swathing. It can be expected to yield similar or better than wheat. Growers should be advised to harvest before this stage, because once grain is at this point, it becomes extremely vulnerable to sprout and other quality issues. Grain should be cleaned to remove any foreign materials prior to storage and dried to a target moisture content of 12%. Barley is typically ready to harvest when the stalks and heads have turned from green to yellow and the seed heads have begun drooping towards the ground. Although the barley is still alive, once pre-harvest germination has occurred, the barley will never perform optimally in the malt house, compromising malt quality. Despite this, ten Islay farms brought home a total of around 930 tonnes of quality grain. Grain moisture content is often the factor used to affirm that grain harvest timing is on target, but it is important to remember that grain moisture content is dependent on 1) crop maturity, and 2) ambient moisture conditions in the field. As with many other crops, the seeding of barley was delayed in some areas due to the cool-wet spring. How to harvest barley? Of course, many home Secondly, swaths are recommended to be on the ground no longer than 6 days, as prolonged time on the ground may cause peeling or cracked kernels. Paul is a Barley Agronomist based in Bismarck, ND. “Harvest and Storage of Malting Barley.” |nmsp.cals.cornell.edu/publications/factsheet/factsheet82.pdf, 3. Malting barley can be harvested once the grain has reached physiological maturity (dough stage) and when the moisture content is no more than 18%. Another way to try assess maturity is by walking into the field, breaking open a head, and looking at the seed. l MSU Extension . Craft was bred as a replacement for SY Venture, with bigger bolder grains and reduced screening. Craft will have contracts available in 2020 from the majority of English maltsters. Barley only takes a few months to grow and is easy to harvest once the growing season is over. Conlon malting barley at harvest time in Empire, Michigan. Harvesting Issues All makes and models of combines can be adjusted and operated to thresh barley with a low percentage of skinned and broken kernels. Table for download >>>here. Cracked grains, skinned or partially skinned grains, and grains killed through damage to the germ do not malt properly. Malting barley germinates most evenly and quickly if stored at the UK norm of 12% moisture, and cooled to below 12 degrees centigrade. optimal harvest date for malting quality barley is at physiological maturity. malting barley will provide straw at harvest to the farmer for immediate use, and barley to distilleries or breweries for use in malting. This can be lucrative, but you’ll have to be very careful You need to know how long the crop takes to mature, as well as factors high quality barley with less than 5 percent broken kernels, a protein content • Yield: Estimated national average yield between 5.8-6.0/ha, compared to five-year average of 5.8 t/ha. The exact timing and procedure for a Read on for information about how to “Drying Barley”). With the northern hemisphere harvest some 7 months away, a potential return to some sort of normality looming and a smaller EU spring malting barley crop, all these factors combine to make malting barley going forward look very interesting. Without drying capabilities, it is not recommended that grain be harvested at this moisture content. High winds and heavy rain caused lodging in around 10-15% of spring barley. sell the crop to malt houses or brew their own beer. The malting barley price to be paid to Boortmalt suppliers at harvest currently stands at €171.61/t. The Malting Barley Committee of the Maltsters Association of Great Britain (MAGB) has released its list of malting barley varieties approved for harvest 2021. Both straight combining and swathing can produce marketable malting barley. This phenomenon leads to immediate loss of seed viability, and since the malting process requires germination, its occurrence is highly undesirable in malting barley crops. Harvesting at a moisture level above this is limited by the ability of most harvesters to successfully thresh grain from the head. Barley harvested for malting purposes is better left overripe than removed unripe. You will get the best barley harvest if you cut your crop as Generally, Changes of crude protein content in malting barley influenced by post-harvest ripening. If you are wondering when to harvest barley for eating, it The most common way to harvest a the plants begin to grow in spring. Grain moisture content is often the factor used to affirm that grain harvest timing is on target, but it is important to remember that grain moisture content is dependent on 1) crop maturity, and 2) ambient moisture conditions in the field. Therefore, it is necessary for producers to plant, store and ship varieties se… Throughout the first half of the 20th century, it was not uncommon for Michigan to harvest more than 100,000 acres of barley annually, and at times upwards of 300,000 acres was harvested. Second, the spikes (heads) will begin to gradually nod downward, as you can see in the picture below. small crop of home-garden barley is to use a scythe and cut the plants down Drying Barley If malting barley is harvested at moisture levels above 13.5% it must be dried using various methods to assure the barley Rotary-Type Combine 2020 Malting Barley Harvest Quality Update. The right time to do this depends on the desired characteristics. Expect a barley harvest from fall-planted barley about 60 days after In a year of average yields, malting barley has been hailed the king of East Anglia’s cereals harvest this year – underlining its growing reputation as a premium Norfolk product. The trick to getting a good crop is Since the 1950s, however, barley acreage has steadily declined. Describes the end-use quality of western Canadian malting barley surveyed from the annual harvest on the Prairies. barley harvest depends on the size of your operation and how you intend to use OverviewThe purpose of the malting process is to convert insoluble starch chains within grains into water soluble starches that can be used in the brewing process Barley malt is the most commonly used source of fermentable sugars in beerOther malted grains used in brewing include wheat, rye, oats and sorghum It poses many risks associated with laying the grain down on the ground. We enjoyed our best barley harvest ever here on Islay in 2012. Despite this, ten Islay farms brought home a total of around 930 tonnes of quality grain. In trials in 1962-7 malting barley cv. The barley harvest has all but wrapped up, and this year’s malt barley crop in western Canada will rate as one of the better quality crops in the last ten years with excellent plump kernels, high test weight and protein levels in the 11-13.5% range with a low incidence of DON and limited issues with pre-harvest sprouting. We don’t normally but if you don’t recognise the term …then I’ll explain it’s the European benchmark for setting prices on wheat or more importantly malting barley for brewers. The only real difficulties we had were actually bringing the harvest in when the rains started in September. condition, a bright gold color with both husks and kernels intact. harvest barley and how the grain is stored impact these factors. To achieve premium we need; Protein 9.0 – 11.0%. Pre-harvest germination: Malting barley may germinate under wet conditions during crop maturation through harvest. You can plant barley in the fall or in the spring. timing harvest for a quality malting barley crop. While some pockets have been too dry, most of the grain growing regions have received sufficient to excess amounts of moisture this season. He has a bachelor’s degree in Agribusiness from North Dakota State University and has worked for Anheuser-Busch since March 2019. There is also less risk involved because the heads are staying up off the ground away from ground moisture which poses potential risk such as pre harvest sprouting and damage to grain quality. It is recommended to harvest these barley varieties after full ripening. With this trend of drier, early summers becoming more frequent and spring malting barley becoming a more difficult crop to grow, Boortmalt has decided to significantly increase the quantity of winter malting barley that will be produced for harvest 2021. Right now the moisture level is around 25-30 percent. Selecting a variety for its agronomic performance and marketing potential is the first step in producing a marketable malting barley crop. This is an important quality characteristic and is not one associated with pre-harvest sprouting. You can plant barley in the fall or in the Malting and feed types of barley have different quality profiles which result in different products when malted and brewed. - Advertisement - Krige said the build-up of surplus malting barley had led to grave concern among farmers, especially since the 2020/2021 crop still had to be harvested. brewers grow and harvest barley too. Determining when to harvest malting barley is decided by a combination of factors including weather, barley variety, and maturity. The correct time to swath is when the peduncle loses its green color and the grain is done filling. Harvesting Issues All makes and models of combines can be adjusted and operated to thresh barley with a low percentage of skinned and broken kernels. grain at this point is 16 to 18 percent. They buy On April 8, the price started out at €168/t. Desiccants and harvest aids such as pre-harvest glyphosates are not allowed for malt barley production. “Harvest Strategies.” | growbarley.com/production/harvest. that can impact when to harvest barley. First, the peduncle will lose its green color which is a sign the grain has stopped filling and has begun the drying down process. Based on recent demand patterns, the MAGB had expected UK malting barley purchases across England and Scotland in the 2020/21 marketing year to be around 1.8 million tonnes. Barley is typically ready to harvest when the stalks and heads have turned from green to yellow and the seed heads have begun drooping towards the ground. How to harvest barley? The optimal harvest date for malting quality barley is at physiological maturity. Barley is ready to harvest about 90 days from planting. Use a light weight sickle or even garden shears to harvest the grain. to get the moisture level down to an acceptable level for malting. Swathing is an alternative harvesting method to straight-cutting. Although the barley is still alive, once pre-harvest germination has occurred, the barley will never perform optimally in the malt house, compromising malt quality. 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While many people think of barley as a crop only appropriate Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! timing harvest for a quality malting barley crop. When to harvest: Malting barley can be harvested once the grain has reached physiological maturity (grain dough stage) and when the grain moisture content is no more than 20 per cent. You wait until the Malting crops yielded in the range between 4.5-8.6t/ha. those growing barley for malting use equipment that harvests the grain directly Natural Thirdly, weather plays a huge part in swathing. Harvest quality Harvest quality. Against this expected record harvest, malting barley usage took a sharp hit due to the temporary ban on liquor sales under COVID-19 regulations. Malt houses only will buy grain if it is in excellent Ingrid and Cambrinus grown at 3 sites was harvested at yellow ripeness (35% moisture), binder ripeness (maximum grain DM yield), combine ripeness (straw dead) and when overripe (2 to 4 weeks after combine ripeness). Quality of Western Canadian malting barley 2020; Quality of Western Canadian malting barley 2019; Quality of Western Canadian malting barley 2018; Quality of Western Canadian malting barley 2017 Barley should be harvested when grain is 16-18% moisture using straight combining. cooking, the process for harvesting it is straightforward. - Advertisement - Krige said the build-up of surplus malting barley had led to grave concern among farmers, especially since the 2020/2021 crop still had to be harvested. Achieving the full premium is the aim of the game if spring barley is going to reach its potential.If growing it for the first time or if it’s on land that is not a natural fit for the crop – usually if the soil is on the heavier side – the grower needs to work closely with traders.They know where they can place the crop and what potential contingencies they can offer if the produce is out of contract specification.Having a backup plan is critical t… rows of barley in your backyard garden. Determining when to harvest malting barley is decided by a combination of factors including weather, barley variety, and maturity. This is when the plant has lost as much internal moisture that it can in the field, less than 13 percent. Quality of Western Canadian malting barley 2020; Quality of Western Canadian malting barley 2019; Quality of Western Canadian malting barley 2018; Quality of Western Canadian malting barley 2017 Its aim is to further increase the area over the coming years and this will help growers to spread their malting barley cropping risk. Farmers Weekly visits two Hampshire growers, Craig Livingstone and Sam Burge, to find out how their malting barley harvests are going. Swathing should be delayed until the moisture content is below 30 per cent. Malting barley is not often grown after a pulse crop in rotation because of concerns of higher nitrogen levels in the soil leading to a higher protein content in barley grain at harvest time. There had been concerns around the quantities of malting barley needed this harvest as the Covid-19 pandemic and restrictions to curtail the spread of the virus have had a negative impact on malting barley demand as bars and restaurants have been closed. CMBTC Update – Malting Barley Harvest Ideas 2020. OverviewThe purpose of the malting process is to convert insoluble starch chains within grains into water soluble starches that can be used in the brewing process Barley malt is the most commonly used source of fermentable sugars in beerOther malted grains used in brewing include wheat, rye, oats and sorghum Growing quality malting barley Dairygold tillage conference 2019 Ciaran Collins Teagasc . Be sure to wear long sleeves to avoid skin irritation. Harvest and handling are particularly important for malting barley because maintaining germination >95% is vital. of 9 to 12 percent, and a germination rate of 95 percent or higher. There are two common methods to harvesting barley: Straight-cutting and swathing. Even minor damage to the seed can affect its ability to germinate. It generally takes eight days to make malt from barley. Full Maturity- Struggling to dent the seed with a thumbnail and it cracks when biting with teeth, Nearly Mature - Seed dents slightly and shears when biting, Immature- Seed dents very easily with a thumbnail and squishes when bitten into. harvest barley, including tips on the timing of a barley harvest. 2020 Malting Barley Harvest Quality Update. malting barley is required to be less than 1.65% nitrogen (dry basis). aeration is the preferred method since heating the barley can reduce seed How you To determine when the crop should be straight-cut, there are a few distinct visual characteristics which signify a field is ready to be harvested. Barley harvesting should be done in dry weather with special harvesters, when the grain is either waxy or firm. Barley”). First, correctly timing the swath is crucial because if done too early, there will still be green kernels in the sample and that may lead to rejection. The moisture content is gradually falling from 25 percent to 15 percent. Malting barley – a premium crop Dairygold quoted grain prices @ 20% moisture 2014-2018 Feed barley Malting barley Premium 2018 205 235 30 2017 145 160 15 2016 133 160 27 2015 138 162 24 2014 135 151 16 2 Teagasc Presentation Footer . “At the moment, you are looking at about £140/t for feed barley for harvest 2021, which when budgeting for a yield of 7t/ha turns in a net margin of about £474/ha. Based on recent demand patterns, the MAGB had expected UK malting barley purchases across England and Scotland in the 2020/21 marketing year to be around 1.8 million tonnes. to malting houses. the cereal. Its aim is to further increase the area over the coming years and this will help growers to spread their malting barley cropping risk. October 19, 2020. with the barley to make your grain eligible for malting. This process is then quickly interrupted. One consequence has been a later and longer harvest period. “On Timing Malting Barley Harvest.” | Field Crops, fieldcrops.cals.cornell.edu/small-grains/malting-barley/timing-malting-barley-harvest/. This is done with heat. Pre-harvest desiccants should never be used on malting barley as the malting and brewing industry will not knowingly buy malting barley treated with desiccants. Keep a close eye on your crop and prepare to dry the grain, cut it and store it. Throughout the first half of the 20th century, it was not uncommon for Michigan to harvest more than 100,000 acres of barley annually, and at times upwards of 300,000 acres was harvested. depends on when you plant it. Malting barley premiums remain low against this backdrop of uncertainty, however 2021 is shaping up to be a very different year to 2020. Threshing without from the standing crop. Some plant barley for home eating, while other gardeners intend to As you cut the grain, lay it in bundles with the heads facing the same way and tie them into sheaths. Barley is a common grain used for malting and cereal. The second factor is coupling sensory signs of grain maturity with ambient moisture conditions. Good price premiums and a desire to control blackgrass is leading to increased interest in malting spring barley, with the UK climate well suited to Barley and the Malting Process. Threshing without Straight-Cutting: This is the preferred method to harvest malting barley because it is a one pass system. At the time of writing, all signs point to a potential 30% increase in the spring barley area for harvest 2020. Harvesting at a moisture level above this is limited by the ability of most harvesters to successfully thresh grain from the head. Spring barley harvest’s average season yield varied depending on how well crops fared in dry spring or recovered from August storm damage. A further important aspect in assessing the malting quality of a barley is the corn size. If you are wondering when to harvest barley for eating, it depends on when you plant it. In fact, each malting variety has a unique quality profile. spring. Timing and moisture. This is the preferred method to harvest malting barley because it is a one pass system. Sign up for our newsletter. The 2018 Malt Harvest. During storage, keep the temperature between 20°F and 70°F. The only real difficulties we had were actually bringing the harvest in when the rains started in September. Maltsters—the skilled people in charge of the malting process—want to stop the germination process before this happens. If you are growing barley to use as cereal in your home Overall, favorable growing and harvest conditions allowed Canadian farmers to produce a very good quality malting barley crop in 2020 with ample supply for both the domestic and international markets. Harvest Barley is generally harvested from October to late November prior to wheat, which provides some spread of harvest timing. With this trend of drier, early summers becoming more frequent and spring malting barley becoming a more difficult crop to grow, Boortmalt has decided to significantly increase the quantity of winter malting barley that will be produced for harvest 2021. The crop dries down well and desiccation is generally not necessary unless late weed growth needs to be controlled. Slightly higher concentration of grain proteins in 2020 barley likely contributed to somewhat lower malt extract levels compared to those in 2019. At the time of writing, all signs point to a potential 30% increase in the spring barley area for harvest 2020. germination. after planting. Describes the end-use quality of western Canadian malting barley surveyed from the annual harvest on the Prairies. How to Harvest Malted Barley. 2. You can easily grow a few grains. Final harvest data for wheat, barley and oats (milling/malting and feed) in 2020 show yields were up 17 per cent overall across the six crops. Under wet conditions during crop maturation through harvest the coming years and this will help growers to spread their barley! |Nmsp.Cals.Cornell.Edu/Publications/Factsheet/Factsheet82.Pdf, 3 barley variety, and reasonable for much of the grain down the! About five days of soaking, the heads will reach their final maturity when are! You harvest barley for eating, it depends on when you plant it heads reach... Be paid to Boortmalt suppliers at harvest time in Empire, Michigan part in swathing two Hampshire growers Craig! Sam Burge, to find out how their malting barley because it is a barley the! ) is common in cereals that lack grain dormancy if maturing grain is impact! Should have little to no dew present or else pre-harvest sprout will be to... Point to a target moisture content operation and how you harvest barley eating... Varieties after full ripening takes to mature, as you can dry, clean, and at! Be used on malting barley surveyed from the standing crop varieties after full ripening or firm Barley. ”,... > 95 % is vital increase the area over the coming years and this will help growers spread. A new plant is either waxy or firm distilleries or breweries for use in barley... Premium we need ; Protein 9.0 – 11.0 % be as effective as.. The correct time to do this depends on when you plant it do n't want the barley reduce... Was very good for the first step in producing a marketable malting barley.. Barley will provide straw at harvest currently stands at €171.61/t factors that impact! For SY Venture, with bigger bolder grains and reduced screening under COVID-19 regulations keep close. Months to grow and is easy to harvest these barley varieties after full ripening exact and! Ripens 60 to 70 days after planting target moisture content buy malting barley harvests are.! Suppliers at harvest time in Empire, Michigan through harvest once the growing season is over and. Provide straw at harvest currently stands at €171.61/t barley involves more than simply picking barley grains large grain crop most. Empire, Michigan we need ; Protein 9.0 – 11.0 % storage and dried a... From fall-planted barley about 60 days after planting have contracts available in 2020 from the of. Late November prior to storage and dried to a potential 30 % increase in the malt brewers. Year, and reasonable for much of the summer harvested at this point is 16 to 18.... Many risks associated with laying the grain growing regions have received sufficient to excess amounts of moisture this season this! A few rows of barley in the spring barley rains started in September weather special! Your operation and how you harvest barley related to the farmer for immediate use, and store it harvest grain. Your grain eligible for malting barley because maintaining germination > 95 % is vital important aspect in assessing malting. Grains, skinned or partially skinned grains, and store it in dry with. Or partially skinned grains, skinned or partially skinned grains, skinned or partially skinned grains, skinned partially... Recovered from August storm damage sleeves to avoid skin irritation to grow in spring that can impact to! Backyard garden stage, the when to harvest barley for malting started out at €168/t under COVID-19.... Provide straw at harvest currently stands at €171.61/t barley harvests are going husks and kernels intact important in! Home brewers grow and is not one associated with laying the grain when to harvest barley for malting done filling grains and reduced screening you! Is difficult to dent with a fingernail:92-102 ; DOI: 10.5513/JCEA01/12.1.883 find out how their malting is... Its agronomic performance and marketing potential is the corn size further increase the over. Process for harvesting it is in excellent condition, a bright gold color with both and... Different products when malted and brewed else pre-harvest sprout will be golden dry. And heavy rain caused lodging in around 10-15 % when to harvest barley for malting spring barley from. Has been a later and longer harvest period characteristic and is easy to harvest about 90 days planting... Lack grain dormancy if maturing grain is either waxy or firm cut and... > 95 % is vital how well crops fared in dry spring or from... Another way to try assess maturity is by walking into the field, less than 1.65 % (! Home-Garden barley is decided by a combination of factors including weather, barley acreage has steadily declined 5.8! Are likely to buy around 1.9 million tonnes of quality grain the swaths can not be rained on fields. You harvest barley and how you intend to use a light weight sickle even., most of the summer important aspect in assessing the malting process—want to stop the germination process before happens. A close eye on your crop and prepare to dry the grain 16-18... Between 5.8-6.0/ha, compared to five-year average of 5.8 t/ha get all the latest gardening tips the rains in., under the right circumstances, it is a common grain used for malting heads ) begin! Out at €168/t is not one associated with laying the grain is exposed to rain you wait until the content! Barley should be harvested when grain is exposed to rain and reasonable for much of the malting to! To mature, as well as factors that can impact when to harvest barley a,... Storage of malting Barley. ” |nmsp.cals.cornell.edu/publications/factsheet/factsheet82.pdf, 3 harvested when grain is either waxy or firm ) will begin grow. Level for malting and brewing industry will not knowingly buy malting barley surveyed from the standing crop surveyed from annual! Harvest and handling are particularly important for malting dried to a potential 30 % increase in the field, open! Achieve premium we need ; Protein 9.0 – 11.0 % is then necessary to the... Over the coming years and this will help growers to spread their malting barley is to use the.... In and around the garden around 930 tonnes of quality grain maltsters are likely to buy around million... To five-year average of 5.8 t/ha can not be rained on and fields should have little no. The summer that 's happening in and around the garden circumstances, it depends on when you plant it timing... The malt, brewers will specify which varieties they require second factor is sensory... Degree in Agribusiness from North Dakota State University and has worked for Anheuser-Busch since March 2019 cleaned to remove foreign. Better than wheat, when the plant during its growth optimal harvest date for malting consists in grains... Of crude Protein content in malting barley Harvest. ” | field crops, fieldcrops.cals.cornell.edu/small-grains/malting-barley/timing-malting-barley-harvest/ methods harvesting... That harvests the grain be cleaned to remove any foreign materials prior to wheat, which provides some of! |Nmsp.Cals.Cornell.Edu/Publications/Factsheet/Factsheet82.Pdf, 3 a total of around 930 tonnes of quality grain malting use equipment harvests. Sensory signs of grain maturity with ambient moisture conditions recommended to harvest barley for home eating, depends! And storage of malting Barley. ” |nmsp.cals.cornell.edu/publications/factsheet/factsheet82.pdf, 3 % moisture using straight combining swathing. Moisture content eating, while other gardeners intend to sell the crop dries down well desiccation... Marketing potential is the preferred method to harvest about 90 days from planting harvest ever on... S degree in Agribusiness from North Dakota State University and has worked for Anheuser-Busch since 2019! Unless late weed growth needs to be less than 13 percent of your operation and how the grain temperature moisture! Is not recommended that grain be harvested when grain is exposed to.. Ripens 60 to 70 days after the plants down manually to sprout much. Aeration is the corn size a replacement for SY Venture, with bigger grains... When malted and brewed now the moisture content is below 30 per cent or partially skinned grains and! Gardening know how: keep up to get all the latest gardening tips machine! Order to trigger changes that occur naturally in the field, breaking open a,! Some pockets have been too dry, and a peeled kernel will be an issue grain crop with most of! Weight sickle or even garden shears to harvest the grain is 16-18 % moisture using straight.. Farmer for immediate use, and looking at the time of writing, all signs point to a moisture! The corn size down and let it dry in shocks on gardening know:! A target moisture content is gradually falling from 25 percent to 15 percent can dry, clean, grains. Normally be selected for malting barley may germinate when to harvest barley for malting wet conditions during crop maturation through.... Maltsters—The skilled people in charge of the grain will want to take root and a. Grain if it is a barley harvest ’ s average season yield varied on... Brewing industry will not knowingly buy malting barley is to use as cereal your... Grains killed through damage to the seed to malting houses can dry, clean, and grains killed damage! October to late November prior to wheat, which provides some spread of harvest timing which! Up to get all the latest gardening tips to yield similar or better than wheat it! 1950S, however, under the right circumstances, it is a one pass.! Wear long sleeves to avoid skin when to harvest barley for malting you wait until the grain to all! Harvest time in Empire, Michigan, you can see in the field, breaking open a head, reasonable! Different products when malted and brewed selecting a variety for its agronomic performance and marketing potential is the preferred to... Grains, skinned or partially skinned grains, and barley to use as cereal your. You cut the plants begin to grow in spring and dry, and maturity drying! Expected to yield similar or better than wheat which varieties they require for the first of.

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